From Patient Perspective: Violence Against Physician Patients’ views on violence to physicians
Main Article Content
Objective: Violence has recently increased in almost every facet of life, but more noticeable in workplaces. Doctors and other healthcare professionals are among the most frequently targeted and victimized professionals. Healthcare professionals are in danger due to multiple types of violence that can occur in healthcare institutions, resulting from patients, patients' family, or anyone else; threatening conduct, verbal threats, financial abuse, physical abuse, and sexual assault. The current study aims to understand how patients perceive the violence encountered by healthcare workers and to clarify whether there was or wasn't a connection between the participants' ideas and their levels of aggression. Finding out what the patients believe about violence against doctors is important to create action plans to implement these attitudes in a non-violent way.
Method: The volunteers who applied to Family Health Centers by any reason were required to complete a survey that asked them questions about their demographics, the subject, and the State Trait Anger Scale (STAS). According to the research hypothesis and analysis method, the sample size analysis in the G*Power program determined that a total of 305 participants were the target population for the study.
Results: This study was conducted with 351 women, 456 participants in total. To “approve of violence” men were 1.41 times more likely than women , aged “≤31.5 years” were 2.227 times more likely than those aged “>31.5 years.” and the unemployed were 2.74 times more likely than the employed. The results of the “Phi and Cramer’s V” Test, which indicate the level of correlation between two variables, revealed a significant correlation between “Attributing Violence to Illness” and “Recourse to Violence in Healthcare” (Phi = 0.163, p < 0.001).
Conclusion: The results of our study extensively reveal groups with potential risks and associated parameters, and thus can shed light on measures and counselling services to be taken to address the issue.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
World report on violence and health [internet]. [a.yer 22 Haziran 2022]. Erişim Adresi. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications-detail-redirect/9241545615.
Zorlu I. Kurçer M. Hasta ve hasta yakınlarına göre hekime yönelik şiddet. Mersin Univ Sağlık Bilimleri Derg. 05 Aralık 2020;13418-27.
Adeoye O, Adeomi A, Akande T. Prevalence and forms of violence against health care professionals in a South-Western city, Nigeria. 01 Ekim. OL A. 2014;2:67-072.
Njaka S, Edeogu OC, Oko CC, Goni MD, Nkadi N. Work place violence (WPV) against healthcare workers in Africa: A systematic review. Heliyon Eylül 2020. 2020;6:e04800. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04800
Ankara medical Journal ’submission’ hastalar ve Yakınlarının sağlık Çalışanlarına yönelik şiddetin Nedenleri konusunda görüş ve Tutumlarının değerlendirilmesi [internet]. [a.yer 24 Haziran 2022]. Erişim Adresi. Available from: https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/amj/article/409020.
Alsmael MM, Gorab AH, AlQahtani AM. Violence against healthcare workers at Primary Care Centers in Dammam And Al Khobar, eastern Province, Saudi Arabia, 2019. Int J Gen Med 22 Eylül 2020. 2020;13:667-76. doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S267446
Framework guidelines for addressing workplace violence in the health sector [internet] [a.yer 22 Haziran 2022]; 2002. Erişim Adresi. Available from: http://www.icn.ch/images/stories/documents/pillars/sew/sew_framework_guidelines_for_addressing_workplace_violence.pdf.
Oğan H. Sağlık Çalışanlarına Yönelik Her Boyutuyla Şiddet. Çalıştay, Birinci Baskı Eylül. 2017.
Er T, Ayoğlu F, Açikgöz B. Violence against healthcare workers: risk factors, effects, evaluation and prevention. Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi Aralık 2020;22:1-18. doi: 10.20518/tjph.680771.
Chen WC, Hwu HG, Kung SM, Chiu HJ, Wang JD. Prevalence and determinants of workplace violence of health care workers in a psychiatric hospital in Taiwan. J Occup Health. 2008;50:288-93. doi: 10.1539/joh.l7132
Esen H, Aykal G. Sağlık kurumlarında yaşanan şiddetin değerlendirilmesi: eğitim ve araştırma hastanesi örneği. 2020;7:9.
Karaoğlu N, Demi̇Rbaş N. Hekim ve Hekim Adaylarının hekime yönelik şiddet Algıları: bir ön çalışma. GenelTipDer. 30. Haziran. 2021;31:130-4.
Özdemir Takak S, Baydar Artantaş A. Evaluation of Patients’ and Their Relatives’ Opinions and Attitudes About Violence Against Health Care Workers. Ankara Med J. 2018;1:103-6.
Erhan DA, Baysal H. Hasta ve yakınlarını şiddete yönelten sebeplerin araştırılması-Burdur ili örneği. Avrasya Sosyal ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2017;4:95-118.
Özdemir MA. Hekime yönelik şiddetin Manisa Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi öğrencilerinin kariyer seçimindeki etkisi. [The effect of violence against doctors on the career selection of students of Mani̇sa Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine] [internet] [a.yer 25 Haziran 2022]; Mart 03 2020. Erişim Adresi. Available from: https://acikbilim.yok.gov.tr/handle/20.500.12812/258263.
ofke-ifade-tarzi-ofke-tarz-olcegi-toad.pdf [internet]. [a.yer 27 Haziran 2022]. Erişim Adresi. Available from: https://toad.halileksi.net/sites/default/files/pdf/ofke-ifade-tarzi-ofke-tarz-olcegi-toad.pdf.
Butcher JN, Spielberger CD, Spielberger CD. Advances in personality assessment. Vol. 2. Routledge; 2013. p. 209 s.
Frontiers | Violence against healthcare workers: A worldwide phenomenon with serious consequences | Public. [Erişim adresi]. Health Communications [internet]. [a.yer 29 Haziran 2022]. Available from: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2020.570459/full.
Spelten E, Thomas B, O’Meara P, van Vuuren J, McGillion A. Violence against Emergency Department nurses; Can we identify the perpetrators? PLOS ONE. 2020;15:e0230793. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0230793
d’Ettorre G, Pellicani V, Vullo A. Workplace violence against healthcare workers in Emergency Departments. A case-control study. Acta Biomed. 2019;90:621-4. doi: 10.23750/abm.v90i4.7327
KARAAĞAÇ H. Sağlik çalişanlarina yönelik işyerinde şiddet: nedenler, politikalar, öneriler. Tıbbi Sosyal Hizmet Dergisi. 2014(3):18-22.
BATMAZ K, USKUN E, AYDIN G. SAĞLIK ÇALIŞANLARINA YÖNELİK ŞİDDET VE İLİŞKİLİ FAKTÖRLER: ARAŞTIRMA UYGULAMA HASTANESİ ÖRNEĞİ. SDÜ Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi. 2022;29(1):23-35.
d’Ettorre G, Mazzotta M, Pellicani V, Vullo A. Preventing and managing workplace violence against healthcare workers in Emergency Departments. Acta Biomed Atenei: Parmensis. 2018;89:28. doi: 10.23750/abm.v89i4-S.7113
Park HW. Preventing workplace violence against healthcare workers. J Korean Med Assoc. 17 Mayıs. 2018;61:292-6.